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Ruswarp Church of England Primary School Think for Yourself and Act for Others

History

Heroes in History

Rosa Parks

To develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history

 

Take a look at the photographs below. What do you think is happening here?

 

 

This lady has been arrested by the police. In two of the photographs she is having her fingerprints taken. Clearly this lady has committed a crime, but what could it be?

 

Did she rob a bank?   No. 

Did she steal the Crown Jewels?   No.

Did she pay to sit on a bus and then sit on a bus?   Yes!

 

The place: America. The date: 1st December, 1955. The crime: Mrs Rosa Parks was arrested for sitting on a bus. Today, this seems bizarre. To understand why this happened we need to know something about what life was like in America around eighty years ago.

 

 

Rosa Parks was an African-American. She lived in a city called Montgomery in the state of Alabama, America. Montgomery was a city that was segregated. Segregation meant that people were treated very differently and kept apart because of the colour of their skin. Today we would call this racism.

 

In Montgomery black people and white people lived together… but separately! This meant that there were different schools for black and white children. There were also different hospitals, shops, water fountains… the list went on. Signs like this were often seen (black people were often described as “Colored”):

 

 

Do you think this was fair? How would it feel to be judged by your appearance rather than as a person?

 

People should be treated equally but the Racial Segregation of Montgomery meant that they were not. Black people were not allowed well-paid jobs or, in some cases, even allowed to work in the same building as white people. It was very difficult to get to vote too. This was discrimination. Discrimination could be seen on the buses too. Look at the people sitting down in the photographs below. What do you notice? Who is at the back?

 

 

At that time seats at the front of buses were reserved for white passengers, with seats at the back for black passengers. If these “Colored” seats were full, black passengers might have to stand even though there were “white” seats empty at the front of the bus.

 

Rosa Parks and her husband wanted things to change. They wanted everyone to be treated equally and many others felt the same.

 

On 1st December, after a long day at work, Mrs Rosa Parks got on the bus to go home. The bus began to fill up and soon there were not enough seats. When a white man got on, the bus driver ordered a group of African-Americans to stand up.

 

Rosa Parks refused.

 

The bus driver told Rosa Parks to stand up or he would call the police.

 

Rosa Parks refused.

 

The bus driver called the police and Mrs Parks was arrested for sitting on a bus! She was told to pay a fine for breaking the Segregation laws.

 

Rosa Parks refused.

 

 

Mrs Parks argued that the law keeping people apart just because of the colour of their skin was wrong. Lots of people agreed with her. A group of African-Americans (including a man called Dr Martin Luther King) decided to make a peaceful protest – they would boycott the buses. This meant that they would not travel on them. It was an idea that got a huge amount of support and, in a few days, buses were almost empty as black people found different ways to travel. This boycott was not easy for black people (some of them were even attacked) but they stuck together to make a statement about the inequality of segregation.

 

 

The bus companies began to lose lots of money (70% of bus passengers were black people) and the boycott went on for 381 days (think about that: is it more than a year?).

 

Eventually the US Supreme Court decided that the Segregation laws were not valid and should be ignored. It was a slow process, but thanks to Rosa Parks and the bus boycott, things began to change at last… Rosa Parks had made a stand by sitting down.

 

 

You can find out more about Rosa Parks and the Montgomery bus boycott with this BBC Bitesize video.

 

 

Rosa Parks is remembered as the “mother of the civil rights movement”. Her peaceful action started something which changed America. It is seen as an important moment in history. Today, the bus that Rosa Parks sat on is in this museum where it has been visited by many people including President Obama – the first black American President.

 

 

“Rosa Parks tells us there’s always something we can do.” (President Obama)

 

TASK: Think about the action of Rosa Parks and the Montgomery bus boycott (you could watch this Horrible Histories song if you need a reminder). Log into your Purplemash account --> Topics --> History --> Famous People --> Peacemakers --> Rosa Parks and choose "Rosa Parks" (strangely enough!). Write about what life was like for Rosa Parks, what she did to try and change things and how it inspired others. Add your own views about Rosa's actions: was it fair that people were segregated and treated badly because of the colour of their skin?   

 

Martin Luther King

Think about the actions of Rosa Parks. This BBC Bitesize video will remind you of what she did to try and change how people were treated.

 

 

One of the people who supported Mrs Parks in peaceful protest was Dr Martin Luther King, Jr. Like Mrs Parks, Martin Luther King suffered because of Segregation. At the age of six Martin Luther King was suddenly no longer allowed to play with his friend - this is because his friend was white and his friend's dad did not want them playing together.  

 

 

Like many others, Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King believed that people should not be judged by how they look. They tried to show people that the Segregation laws were wrong. Mrs Parks made a stand by sitting down and Dr King helped to organise the bus boycott. He encouraged people to be peaceful when protesting - even when they were attacked.

 

In 1963 Martin Luther King made one of the most famous speeches in history. It is now often known as the "I have a dream..." speech. Over 250,000 people gathered in Washington DC, USA to hear the speech. In it Martin Luther King described how people should not be judged by their appearance and should live together in peace. 

 

 

Today, like Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King is world famous because of his work. He encouraged peace, respect and understanding. All across America there are many streets named after Martin Luther King.

 

 

TASK: Find out about the life of Martin Luther King. Create a project about his life and work. Why are his actions still important to people today? This BBC Bitesize video may be a good place to start. You could log into your Purplemash account --> Topics --> History --> Famous People --> Peacemakers --> Martin Luther King for tasks which might also be of help.

If you could change the world and make it a better place for everyone what would your "I have a dream..." speech sound like?

 

 

Helen Sharman

To develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history

 

In 1989 a strange advertisement appeared across Britain. It ran on posters, in newspapers and was played on the radio:

 

Astronaut Wanted, No Experience Necessary

 

One of the millions of people who heard this advertisement was Helen Sharman, a chemist from Sheffield. She was driving home from work when the advertisement came on the radio. She had never thought of being an astronaut and decided to apply (scroll down this CBBC page to see Helen Sharman describe her decision). 

 

Helen Sharman was not alone in applying to be an astronaut - more than 13,000 other people had the same idea! Over the next few weeks 13,000 became 150 possible astronauts and Sharman was one of the names on the list. Then the list was cut down further to 32 names. Sharman was still on the list.

 

Since only one astronaut was needed, the list was cut further (to 22) and further (to 16). Sharman was still on the list but her hope of being chosen as an astronaut now faded…

 

 

The mission was being let by Russia and it was to be called "Juno". The astronaut chosen would train at a place called Star City (near Moscow) before flying to the Russian space station Mir (you can see Mir in the pictures below). The Russians wanted two astronauts to go to Star City (in case the first choice became ill and was unable to fly). They also wanted the two astronauts either to be two men or two women (not a man and a woman).  

 

Unfortunately, when the list of astronauts was cut down to 10, Sharman was the only woman left.

 

 

However, Helen Sharman had clearly impressed the people in charge of choosing the final astronauts because, in November 1989, she and helicopter pilot Major Tim Mace were flown out to Star City to begin 18 months of training.  Training was hard work but Sharman did not give up. Later she said that the most uncomfortable thing was having to wear a spacesuit that had been designed for a man. 

 

In February 1991 Mace and Sharman discovered who out of the two of them would be taking part in the space mission to Mir... 

 

 

On 18th May 1991, Helen Sharman (in a specially designed suit) headed across to the Soyuz rocket with cosmonauts Anatoly Artsebarsky and Sergei Krikalev (you can see them in the photographs above). Helen Sharman was just under 28 years old when she launched into space. She was the very first British person in space. This BBC video will give you some idea of what it was like:

Still image for this video

Helen Sharman was in space for a little under eight days. While on the Mir space station she carried out health and plant experiments and made radio broadcasts to British schools. After the mission Sharman spent many years educating people about space and today you can even see her space suit on display in the Science Museum (the Science Museum have an excellent webpage about it here where you can also see Sharman describe her space suit experience).

 

 

Take a look at the image below. This is the mission patch for Juno (you may remember mission patches from Apollo 13). Each mission has its own patch and you might be able to spot this patch on Helen Sharman's spacesuit above.

 

 

As with other space mission patches it contains key details about the mission. What can you spot on the patch?

 

TASK: Imagine you have been selected to be an astronaut. You are going to design your own mission patch. What will the purpose of your mission be (to go to the ISS...  the Moon... Mars...)? Think about things that your patch will need: a flag, the date, a mission name, a picture... You can either draw your patch or there are templates below which you may wish to print out.

Mother Teresa

To develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history

 

Have a look at these photographs. They were taken in 1982 (your parents may have been alive then). What do you think is happening here? The lady in the photographs is Mother Teresa. What do you think her job was? 

 

 

These photographs were taken during a war in a place called Beirut. A group of nearly 40 children had become trapped in the middle of the battle. They were alone in an orphanage which had been hit by shells (bombs). The fighting meant that it was too dangerous for people to approach. 

 

Upon hearing about the children, Mother Teresa (who was in a different country) rushed to help. When she arrived, the 72 year old nun refused to eat or drink anything because she felt that there was no time to waste if the children were to be saved. A truce was negotiated between the two warring sides. The gunfire stopped as Mother Teresa and members of the Red Cross evacuated the children. Photographers from around the world were there to see the event. Some people described it as "a miracle".

 

Why did the two warring sides trust Mother Teresa? By 1982 Mother Teresa was known throughout the world for her kindness. Three years earlier she had been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her work on behalf of others.

  

 

Mother Teresa decided at a young age that she wanted to help others. Aged 18 she left home and moved to Ireland to learn English. This meant that she could go to India to teach in a girl's school (the teachers of the school used English). While teaching in India, Mother Teresa became deeply concerned by the poverty around the city of Calcutta. 

 

In 1946 Mother Teresa was travelling on a train when received "inspiration" from God. She decided to leave the convent (the place where nuns live) to go and live with the desperately poor - the people she wanted to help. She owned only three things (one of them was a blue and white sari (you can see it in the picture below)). You can find out what the other two items were on this CBBC Newsround page). 

 

 

Although she lived a very simple life Mother Teresa became well-known across the world for her selfless acts. She created the Missionaries of Charity (an organisation which helps people across the world), opened schools and spoke with many world leaders to persuade them to help others.

 

When she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize a large meal had been organised to celebrate. Mother Teresa asked that it be cancelled and the money be given to charity.    

 

 

Mother Teresa put the needs of others before her own. She helped anyone of any faith. Some time after her death in 1997 the Catholic Church declared her to be a saint.

 

TASK: Write an acrostic poem about Mother Teresa (you can use TERESA or MOTHER TERESA if you wish). Think about her life and her actions: thinking of others, treating everyone with consideration, the train journey, being a saint... The CBBC Newsround article might give you some additional ideas if you need them. Remember, an acrostic poem is set out like this:

 

Mother Teresa worked desperately hard in the service of others, sleeping just four hours a day. When she began teaching, the school she was working at had no books for the children to write in. While other people would have given up, this problem did not deter Mother Teresa - she taught the children to read and write by using sticks to draw in the dirt.

Mother Teresa devoted herself to the welfare of other people. Her message was this:

 

"Spread love wherever you go. Let no-one ever come to you without leaving happier."

 

Mother Teresa's actions were one of charity - freely giving whatever help she could to those in need. As we know from the text above, she also founded a charitable organisation, the Missionaries of Charity.

 

 

TASK: Imagine that you have been given the opportunity to create a charity. Think about helping others. Who would your charity support? What would its aims be? Log into Purplemash --> Topics --> Famous People --> Peacemakers --> Mother Teresa --> My charity organisation for a writing template and some useful hints.  

What is the NHS?

To develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history

Take a look at the picture below. It shows examples of newspaper headlines which have become very familiar in recent weeks...

 

 

As you can see, for many people, those who work for (or with) the NHS are today's heroes. But what exactly is the NHS?  Below you can see their familiar logo. Where would you usually expect to see this?

 

 

The NHS is the National Health Service. It started in this country back in 1948, a few years after World War II ended (how many years ago was that?). It involves a huge number of people: nurses, doctors, dentists, chemists, paramedics... not forgetting the many thousands of people who keep hospitals and ambulances running: cleaners, cooks, engineers, delivery drivers, porters, mechanics... It's an enormous group of people all working to help others.

 

A key idea behind the creation of the NHS was equality... 

 

 

Before the NHS was created, if people in this country needed to see a doctor or have hospital treatment they had to pay for the service. Not everyone could afford to pay for doctors so their illnesses were ignored and people suffered (and died) because of this. The NHS aimed to change that. The NHS was free for everyone.

That was back in 1948... 

 

 

...and it is still the same today. People in the UK can use the NHS when they become ill or injured to help them to get better. They can visit hospitals and doctors without having to worry about whether or not they can afford the treatment. Although the equipment the NHS uses might have changed, the idea behind it has not.

 

In some countries today people still have to pay for medical treatment but the National Health Service has proven to the world that things can be different. It has become an important part of British life, appearing in many movies and TV series. 

 

 

Most importantly, the NHS saves lives. This country would be very different without the National Health Service.

 

TASK: Create a poster to promote the work of the NHS. It should mention the key idea behind the NHS (there's a clue or two in the text above!). You might also wish to include a slogan (e.g. "Here To Help", "Free - For You and Me") or the NHS logo, ambulances, hospital, nurse, etc... You can either draw your poster or use one of the tools in your Purplemash account if you prefer. Two useful programs are:

Purplemash --> Tools --> 2Publish --> Page border   or   Purplemash --> Tools --> 2Publish --> I have found out

 

The NHS remains very much in the news (and will do so for some time to come). People have been showing their gratitude to the NHS in different ways. This includes Royal Mail who have painted some of their post boxes blue (the colour linked with the NHS) to show their support. Others have also shown that they care about the NHS. You may have seen this man in the news recently...

 

 

Captain (now Colonel) Tom Moore is a war veteran (which means he fought in battle) and a centenarian (he is one hundred years old!). A few weeks ago he aimed to raise money for the NHS by walking around his garden 100 times before his 100th birthday. He hoped to raise £1,000 to help the NHS. He actually raised £32,794,701 (that's nearly thirty three million pounds!). Thanks to his efforts to help others, Captain Moore has become famous around the world. The photograph on the right shows the birthday cards that arrived for him before his birthday...

 

TASK: Write ten keys facts about the NHS (what it is, when it was created, who it's for, how people show their support, etc...). This CBBC Newsround video was made for the 70th anniversary of the NHS in 2018. You may find some useful facts there to help you. You can either write your facts in your book or use Purplemash --> Tools --> 2Publish --> Page border   or   Purplemash --> Tools --> 2Publish --> I have found out. Don't forget to illustrate your work.

What is a Hero?

To develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history

Over the coming weeks we will be looking at people and groups of people who might be described as heroes. First, it might be worth looking at what a hero actually is...

 

 

Heroes are everywhere. Books, films, computer games and TV are jam-packed with heroic characters. But what is a hero? Do you have to be bitten by a radioactive spider or take down the Empire to be a hero (both of these things would be tricky to achieve in Ruswarp!)?  More importantly, can anyone be heroic?  (SPOILER ALERT: the answer is YES!)  

 

 

Here are just a few examples of people that are described as heroes (can you name any of them?). But why are these people considered heroic? Is it the way that they dress or the way they behave that makes people heroes?

 

 

TASK: Draw (or print if you prefer) the template below. Inside the shape draw someone who you would describe as heroic (this should be a real person or a group of real people. For example: a member of your family, the emergency services, a charity, etc...). Around the outside of the template use words or phrases to describe their qualities - the reasons why they are heroic (Are they brave? Gentle? Strong? Kind? A good listener?).    

VE Day - 75th Anniversary

 

Seventy five years ago the world was in the grip of one of the most horrific events in history. World War II began in September 1939 and raged across the globe. We know something about this already but you can remind yourself how World War II started with this BBC video. Millions of people lost their lives in a war that seemed endless. However, VE Day ('Victory in Europe Day') marks the day in World War II when fighting against Nazi Germany in Europe finally came to an end (although the war in Europe was over, World War II itself did not end until 2nd September, 1945 after the surrender of Japan (known as “VJ Day”) following the first use of the atomic bomb).

 

 

By May 1945 World War II had been going on for over five and a half years. However, hope had begun to grow after June 1944 when the Allied Forces (Britain, America and Canada) landed in France on D-Day (the German army had invaded France in 1940). After a long struggle the Allies began to push back the German army while the Russian forces approached and fought them from the other side. You can find out about D-Day here.

 

 

By the beginning of 1945, defeat for the German army looked likely, but still the fighting went on.

 

Then, on 8 May 1945, Prime Minister Winston Churchill made an announcement on the radio at 3.00pm that the war in Europe had come to an end, following Germany's surrender the day before.

 

 

Tuesday 8 May, 1945, was a hugely emotional day that millions of people had been waiting for. It was a day that some feared would never come. Many people were extremely happy that the fighting in Europe had ended and there were big celebrations and street parties. You can learn more about VE Day celebrations with this BBC video.

 

 

As well as being a time of great celebration it was also a moment of great sadness and reflection, as millions of people had lost friends and family members in the conflict. Nor was the suffering over. Many soldiers had to continue fighting in other battles and lots of people were being kept as prisoners of war in other countries. There was much that needed rebuilding and rationing continued for years after the War had officially ended.

 

This week’s VE Day celebrations mark a great success: the end of the horrific war in Europe. It is also a time of Remembrance as people think about those who lost their lives across the globe as a result of World War II.

 

 

TASK: There are two choices: you can either log into your Purplemash account --> Topics --> History --> World War II --> VE Day and create a newspaper account of the VE celebrations or design a poster celebrating the 75th anniversary of VE Day.

Apollo 13 - 50th Anniversary

 

In the 1950s and 1960s Russia and America were competing in “The Space Race”.  Although Russia surged ahead with many successes at the start of the “Race”, by 1969 America was ready to land a man on the Moon. The mission - Apollo 11 – took Michael Collins, Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong to the Moon where, on 20th July, 1969, Neil Armstrong became the first human to step on to the lunar surface.

 

 

Apollo 12 followed in November 1969, with a new crew: Pete Conrad, Richard F. Gordon and Alan Bean. Both missions returned safely to Earth.   Next to launch was Apollo 13...

 

 

The flight was commanded by Jim Lovell (on the left). The other astronauts on board were Jack Swigert and Fred Haise (you might recognise him from a photograph in our classroom!).  The Apollo 13 mission patch is at the front of the photograph.

 

 

At 14.13 (US time) on 11th April, 1970 Apollo 13 was launched. It was expected to be at the Moon on 13th April. Some people believe that 13 is an unlucky number...

 

 

Over two days after the launch (at 55 hours and 54 minutes) disaster struck.   A faulty oxygen tank exploded, and the Service Module (which you can see in the picture above and the photograph below) became damaged, losing oxygen and electrical power.  At first no-one knew what had happened. Had Apollo 13 been struck by a meteorite?  This was always a risk, even though the chances of it ever happening were very, very small.  It was only when Jim Lovell looked out of the spacecraft window and saw the oxygen cloud that the crew realised the problem. This photograph, which was taken days later, shows how much damage had been caused by the explosion.

 

 

No-one had ever faced such danger before. The three astronauts were half a million miles away from Earth in a tiny spaceship which was quickly leaking the oxygen they needed to breathe. The electricity which kept the spacecraft working was also draining away fast.  

 

People knew that there was a very large chance that the astronauts would die before they could return to Earth. They were very short of oxygen.   This was a massive problem but not only for the reason you might think.   Oxygen was not just used to breathe, on the Apollo spacecraft it was used in a device called a Fuel Cell to make electricity. The astronauts saved their remaining air by turning off almost all of the electrical equipment, including heaters. It became bitterly cold in the spacecraft and condensation formed. Everything in the Service Module was turned off. The problem was, it would need to be turned back on if the crew managed to get back to Earth. With condensation covering everything would the Service Module’s computer work again?

 

To stay alive the astronauts had to move into the Apollo Lunar Module (the LEM) and make it work as a sort of "lifeboat" - you can see it on the left hand side in the diagram above. The LEM was far from comfortable. Apart from the cold, it was very small, being designed for two astronauts not three.  

 

Nor could Apollo 13 just turn straight round and come home. Scientists decided that Apollo 13 should continue moving away from the Earth. Apollo 13 would orbit the Moon and use its gravity to throw the spacecraft back towards Earth. These photographs were taken as Apollo 13 went around the Moon.

 

 

When they finally approached the Earth again on 17th April, 1970 the astronauts were not sure that their parachutes (needed to slow the Command Module down) would work. The parachutes were thrown out by small explosive charges that were fired by batteries. The cold could have made the batteries fail, in which case the parachutes would not work and the Command Module would hit the ocean so fast that all aboard would be killed. That's if they could get the Command Module's condensation-covered computer to switch back on at all!

 

 

Luckily, after days of danger, the crew splashed down safely.  This photograph shows them after they were picked up by an American navy ship. Tens of millions of people watched the Apollo 13 splashdown on television.

 

Some people see Apollo 13 as a failure because the astronauts did not manage to land on the Moon. However, many disagree as scientists succeeded in safely returning three men in a very damaged spacecraft back to Earth.

 

TASK: Look again at the Apollo 13 mission patch. These patches are worn on the astronauts' clothing (you can see them on the photograph above) and contain key points about the mission. One of these details is the names of the crew. The picture tells a story about the mission too. Commander Lovell wanted the patch to show the Greek god Apollo driving his chariot across the sky (which is why there are three horses). He also chose the words Ex Luna Scientia (which means "From the Moon, knowledge") to show that Science was an important part of the mission.

 

Knowing what we now know about the Apollo 13 story use one of the templates below (or draw the shape in your book) to design a new mission patch. Think about the key points: the explosion, the LEM lifeboat, the journey around the moon, the people helping to bring the astronauts back safely, the world watching...

 

There is also a famous phrase that people know from the Apollo 13 mission which you might wish to include: "Houston, we've had a problem." 

Ancient Egypt

Draw like an Ancient Egyptian

Numerous artefacts survive from the time of the Ancient Egyptians. Perhaps some of the most surprising things to last for thousands of years are wall paintings.

 

 

Egyptian tombs were decorated with paintings. These often showed the deceased (the dead person in the tomb) meeting with gods in the Afterlife (the Afterlife was where Ancient Egyptians believed people went after death).   They might also be paintings of things that the deceased had done when they were alive and wanted to carry on doing in the Afterlife. Here is an example. The painting on the left shows an Egyptian called Nebamun hunting birds (while the painting on the right shows his garden).   We can take a good guess and say that these were things that Nebamun enjoyed.

 

 

As far as we know these paintings were created straight on to the plaster with a varnish added later to protect them (a bit like when hairspray is used on your pastel art work to stop it from smudging). One of the reasons the pictures have survived so long (and so well) is because they have been sealed in dry tombs away from the weather which might erode them (think about what erosion does to cliffs on the coast).

 

 

You will notice that the Egyptian artists had a particular style when drawing figures of people.  They often tried to show the side view and the front view at the same time (you might remember that Cubism had a similar sort of idea!).  You can see this on the papyrus picture above (can you remember what papyrus is?).

In the painting the body of the figure is often seen facing forward while the head is seen looking to the side.  In real life this wouldn’t be very comfortable but it makes Ancient Egyptian art very distinctive – people across the world recognise it straight away.

 

 

One thing missing from the pictures is perspective (remember the pyramid drawing below?).  Rather than making people appear bigger or smaller depending on how far away they are supposed to be, Egyptian artists tended to make the more important parts of the picture larger. You’ll notice on the picture of Nebamun's garden above that the trees are presented in a way that’s interesting rather than realistic.

 

TASK:   Now that you know a little about Ancient Egyptian art why not give it a go?   You could try drawing the figures below.  

 

 

If you’re confident enough, try creating your own Ancient Egyptian God/Goddess (look below for helpful reminders).  Draw your God/Goddess in the style of Ancient Egyptian artists.  Your creation will need a name and you will need to explain what they are the God/Goddess of.  

Stuck for an idea?   Try and create a God/Goddess of the River Nile.   Think about the sort of creatures that live in the Nile.   Your God/Goddess could be half human/half creature…

Ancient Egyptian Gods

Religion was a very important part of Ancient Egyptian life.  The Egyptians believed in many gods; gods who would take care of every problem as long as they were pleased.

To make the gods happy, the Egyptians built temples (each god had their own) where they could go and speak with priests.   Egyptians would give the priests offerings (gifts) and messages for the gods.   Here are recent photographs of two surviving examples of Ancient Egyptian temples.  They were quite large!

 

 

The Ancient Egyptian gods came in all manner of different shapes, often including all or part of an animal.

 

 

As these examples show, the gods were responsible for different parts of everyday life too.   You can find out more with this BBC Bitesize video.

 

 

TASK:   Choose one or more Egyptian Gods to research.  Draw a picture of your chosen Egyptian God and add details about him/her.   To assist you there are details about the gods Thoth, Osiris, Sekhmet, Anubis and Isis on the same page as the BBC Bitesize video. You could also take a look at these website links:

 

AncientEgypt.co.uk

PrimaryHomeworkHelp   

HistoryForKids

DKFindOut

 

A large version of the Gods pictures higher up this page can be found in the document below (it includes extra gods!). 

Draw an Egyptian Pyramid

This term we have looked at the civilisation of Ancient Egypt. Now would be a good time to take a look at the things you have discovered. One way to do this would be to draw a world famous Egyptian pyramid and surround it (or fill it) with those facts which you have unearthed in recent weeks.   First though, it might be worth trying your hand at drawing a 3D pyramid...

They are quite tricky to master.   We have to get the perspective correct (some parts of the pyramid are further away than others and we have to try and show this in our picture).   Also, since we're not Cubists, we cannot see all of the pyramid's faces in one go... 

The best thing to do is build your pyramid gradually - rather like the Ancient Egyptians (although, unlike the Ancient Egyptians, it might be better not to take about twenty years to finish it).  

Luckily, thanks to an internet teeming with talented artists, there are some excellent tools which may be of help:

This useful video might also be of help:

    

Hieroglyphs

Write like an Egyptian

As we know the Ancient Egyptians used hieroglyphs. However, for many years the writing was a mystery, until...

The Rosetta Stone was found (well, most of it as you can see!). It had the same message (known as a decree) in three different languages: Egyptian, Demotic and... which other? This meant that archaeologists could begin to unlock the secrets of Egyptian hieroglyphs. Which is fantastic for us...

Use the key above to write your own secret messages. You could even ask someone else if they can translate your Ancient Egyptian writing (you'll have to let them see the key!).

QUIZ: Where is the Rosetta Stone now?

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